Such Additive Manufacturing methods can complex shapes from a variety of materials, but vasculature remains a major challenge when printing with cells. More importantly, many potentially useful cell types, such as liver cells can not easily survive the rigors of the direct 3D bioprinting.

This research provides insights into biofilms form and offers a possible method to fight it. Conrad said that this shows how to moving make the individual bacteria on a surface effect on the structure of the biofilm. Could design of surfaces, such as bacteria are able to move, to change very directed very focused and rational way of preventing biofilm formation.From by the Myelin Repair Foundation Others Stanford co-authors Been Anya Scholze;. Adiljan Ibrahim, Ben Emery, PhD;. Jennifer Zamanian, and Lynette Foo, any of the medical faculty of the Department of Neurobiology.